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Body Shape Matters


What do you see when you look in the mirror?

Researchers report that women's and men's perceptions of their bodies differ.

Body Shape Perception

In a survey of 813 adults ages 19 to 39 conducted by Psychology of Men and Masculinity journal, women of normal weight tended to perceive themselves as overweight, while normal-weight men often perceived themselves as too skinny.

In addition, nearly half of the men assessed as overweight perceived themselves to be of normal weight.

The saddest of all: According to the National Eating Disorder Association, roughly half of all girls begin to feel anxiety about the size or shape of their bodies by age six. No 6 year old should be worrying about thier size or shape - that's practically still a baby! This fact is easily blamed on society and its far-reaching obsession with "fat".

What creates the distorted self-image?

Body Shape MattersResearchers theorize that societal influences such as the media, which provides thinner-than-average role models for women and bulkier-than-normal examples for men, may be largely responsible. Consider these examples from the National Eating Disorders Association.

  • The average American woman is 5'4" tall and weighs 140 pounds, yet the average American female model is 5'11" tall and weighs 117 pounds.
  • Most fashion models are thinner than 98 percent of American women.
  • Almost half of American elementary school students in the first through third grades want to be thinner.
  • Four out of five children at the age of 10 are afraid of being fat.

Tipping the Scales

With our society's obsession over body image, you might think Americans would be lean, mean, physically fit machines. The surgeon general reports, however, that a staggering 61 percent of American adults are overweight, and three out of 10 U.S. adults are obese.

Part of the problem comes from inactivity and the tendency to look for a "quick fix". Americans spend more than $40 billion on dieting and diet-related products each year, according to the National Eating Disorders Association. Yet, according to the surgeon general, only one third of U.S. adults follow experts' recommendations and exercise for 30 minutes, five days per week. Carrying extra pounds leads to an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, arthritis, depression and cancer.

Weighing in Accurately

So how can Americans get an accurate assessment of their health? To determine whether you are a healthful weight, don't compare yourself to people around you or in the media. Instead, check your body mass index (BMI). This tool helps measure fatness. It doesn't take into account lean muscle mass, however, so athletes and body builders may get faulty results. Also, keep in mind that the BMI is not meant as a substitute for a professional medical assessment.

Recognizing the True You

Once you have accepted that the media portrayal of body weight is unrealistic, you may wonder how to define good health and an ideal body shape. The American College of Sports Medicine defines physical fitness as a combination of cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance and muscle flexibility. By focusing on getting an adequate combination of aerobic exercise, strength training, stretching and sleep, and by eating properly, you can enjoy increased energy, stamina and improved health.

And remember... today's actors, models and rock stars will be forgotten tomorrow, beauty fades out. But being fit never goes out of style.

Body Frame Size

In order to refine and define weight measurement, researchers added frame size as a factor.

Elbow and wrist

The sizes are categorized into three categories:  Small frame, medium frame and large frame. Bone structure can and does vary in size from person to person. Bone mass and muscle mass all play a part in determining your optimal weight. There are two simple methods of determining body frame size:

  1. Measuring the circumference of your wrist.
  2. Measuring the breadth of your elbow. This is a little more complex but provides a greater results range for the purposes of accuracy.

In order to do this:

  1. Stand up. Extend your arm forward so that it is horizontal and parallel to the ground.
  2. Turn your hand so your palm is uppermost. Bend your elbow so your forearm is at 90 degrees to the ground.
  3. Use the forefinger and thumb of your other hand to locate the narrow part of your elbow joint.
  4. Use your same forefinger and thumb as a guage to determine your elbow breadth by measuring the gap between them with with a ruler or tape measure.
  5. Compare the value with the tables below.

Female Wrist Measurements

Male Wrist Measurements

Back to Exercise!

Disclaimer: The material on this Web site is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or fitness professional. Please consult with your physician before beginning any fitness program or fat or weight reduction program. FitnessandFreebies.com takes no responsibility for individual results, or any claim made by a third party.