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Healthy Bladder Habits

Sensational Seniors

Our kidneys produce urine continuously, day and night. It contains waste products and surplus water from the body. A steady trickle passes down the ureters -- tubes from the kidneys to the bladder.

The human bladder

On average, we produce about two to three pints every 24 hours, varying with the amount we eat and drink and how much we perspire.

As the bladder fills, it expands gently, like a floppy balloon.

The outlet valve (the sphincter) is closed, and the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor support the bladder (and also the bowels and -- in women -- the uterus or womb), and so help keep the outlet tube (the urethra) closed.

Healthy Habits for the Bladder

Glass of water

Drink Adequately:

  • 6-8 cups of fluids per day, more when it is hot or when exercising.

Recognize that:

  • Most people empty the bladder about every 3-4 hours during the day ( 4-8 times in 24 hours).
  • Getting up once at night to empty the bladder is not abnormal.
  • Being awakened more than twice is abnormal.

Relax:

  • Don't strain to empty the bladder or bowel.

Try to keep bowel movements regular:

  • Don't ignore the feelings that the bowel needs emptying.

Seek professional help when:

  1. Any leakage of urine from the bladder occurs (incontinence).
  2. Pain or an unusually foul or odd odor is experienced when passing urine.
  3. Any blood is seen in urine.

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